What causes them and why
Calluses and corns are caused by repeated pressure or friction on an area of skin. The pressure causes the skin to die and form a hard, protective surface. A soft corn is formed in the same way, except that when sweat is trapped where the corn develops, the hard core softens. This typically occurs between toes. Calluses and corns are not caused by a virus and are not contagious.
On our feet, calluses and corns often form on bunions, hammer, claw, or mallet toes, or on the bumps caused by rheumatoid arthritis. Calluses and corns may also be caused by repeated pressure due to sports (the bottom of a runner’s foot), an odd way of walking (abnormal gait), or a bone structure, such as flat feet or bone spurs (small, bony growths that form along joints).
What are the symptoms?
You can tell you have a corn or callus by the way it looks. A callus is hard, dry, and thick, and it may appear grayish or yellowish. It may be less sensitive to the touch than surrounding skin. A hard corn is also firm and thick. It may have a soft yellow ring with a gray center. A soft corn looks like an open sore.
Calluses and corns often are not painful, but they can cause pain when you are walking or wearing shoes. And they may make it hard for your feet to fit in your shoes.
How are they treated?
Calluses and corns do not need treatment unless they cause pain. If they do cause pain, you can ease the pain with some simple solutions:
The first step is to get shoes that provide the best support, fit well and are roomy. At Aetrex for instance, all footwear is designed and are only made with top orthotic support features. When you walk or run, therefore, you already have the advantage of knowing your feet are being protected. More importantly, Aetrex shoes are engineered with a strong footbed that is made for optimum performance for the life of your shoe. That means less discomfort even if you already have a callus or corn.
Ultimately if you are in a lot of pain, try using protective padding while your foot heals, such as: toe separators, crest pads, caps or toe sleeves. For calluses you can use a pumice stone after soaking your feet in warm water first. Last resort is having your doctor pare (trim) the callus or corn with a small knife in his or her office.
Final word: to avoid the above problems to begin with, always check your feet for calluses and corns so you can catch them early. Want to learn more about technically advanced footwear ? Go to aetrex.com to see more.